A change in the color of a rug due to differences in the wool or dye batch. The color change runs across the rug and is most likely to occur at the top.
Well known as “paisley”, this pear-shaped figure often used in oriental rug designs. The boteh may represent a leaf, bush or a pine-cone.
A crochet stitch used in rug construction that consists of successive loops to lock the final weft in place at the end of a rug.
A buddhist emblem symbolizing long duration, often used with other symbols.
The part of a rug’s design surrounded by the border. The filed may be blank or contain medallions or an over-all pattern.
Warps extending from the ends of a rug which are treated in several ways to prevent the wefts and knots from unravelling.
A medallion, either octagonal or angular in shape, used repetitively in Turkman designs to form an all-over pattern in the field.
A knot tied over four wraps instead of the usual two.
A flatwoven rug.
The large central design element of a rug. Typical shapes are diamonds, octagons and hexagons.
The weaving technique of certain Pakistani and Indian rugs.
Also known as a single know, it is looped around one thread with only a half-turn around the other thread.
The nap of the rug or the tufts remaining after the knotted yarns are clipped.
The simplest interlacing of warp and weft.
A rug with a representation of a mosque or arched prayer area. Columns may be shown supporting the arch, with a lamp hanging from the its apex.
Any variety of weaves where the pattern is created by ground wefts that do not run from end to end.
Also known as a double knot, the yarn is tied around two adjacent warp threads.
Comprising the structure, parallel warp yarn runs the length of the rug, and are interlaced with wefts.
The yarn woven horizontally through the warps.
A rug where the weft is more closely spaced than the warp.
A stitch used to overcast, and to lock the final weft at the ends of the rug.